Yorkshire Chess History



James Orange











Made in Yorkshire



Sheffield Sub-Site



1874, Sheffield



07/10/1937, Sheffield


12/10/1937, Walkley Cemetery, Sheffield


Non-Chess Life


The parents of James Orange were James Orange senior (born 1837/38, Eckington, Derbyshire) and Anne Orange (born 1840/41, Sheffield).  This couple had at least seven children, all born in Sheffield:


Clara Orange

born 1860/61

William Orange

born 1864/65

Albert Orange

born 1866/66

Percy Orange

born 1870/71

Herbert Orange

born 1872/73

James Orange

born 1875/76

Thomas E Orange

born 1878/79


The birth of James Orange junior was registered in the fourth quarter of 1874, at Sheffield.


The 1881 census found parents and all seven children, except Percy, living at 47 Delphi Street, Sheffield.  James senior was a white metal smith; Clara was a knife [something – possibly stropper].  William was a sign-writer.  Albert was a white metal smith, like his father.  Herbert and James were scholars.


The 1891 census found parents, Herbert, James and Thomas living at 31 Upperthorpe, Sheffield.  James senior, Herbert and Thomas were Britannia metal workers.  16-year-old James, on the other hand, was a cutler, quite probably working for William Hutton & Sons on West Street, as within ten years he was a member of Hutton’s Chess Club.


James Orange senior died at the age of 56, in 1894, the death being registered in the third quarter of 1894, at Ecclesall Bierlow, Sheffield.


The 1901 census found the widowed Anne Orange living with sons Herbert, James and Thomas, somewhere in Sheffield.


The marriage of James Orange to Elizabeth Coggan was registered in the first quarter of 1902, at Ecclesall Bierlow, Sheffield.  The couple had only one child in their first nine years of marriage:


Elsie Orange

born 1903/04, Sheffield


The 1911 census found James and Elizabeth living with 7-year-old daughter Elsie Orange, at 160 Fulton Road, Walkley, Sheffield.  James was a Britannia metal worker, most probably working for William Hutton & Sons on West Street, as he had by then been a member of Hutton’s Chess Club for some years.  Elsie was a scholar.


White’s Sheffield & Rotherham Directory dated 1912 and dated 1916 listed James Orange, metal smith, at 160 Fulton Road, Sheffield.


The death of James’s mother, Anne Orange, at age 82, was registered in the first quarter of 1923, at Ecclesall Bierlow, Sheffield.  It may be at this stage that James changed his address.


White’s Sheffield & Rotherham Directory dated 1925 listed James Orange, journeyman metal smith, living at 241 Burgoyne Road, Walkley, Sheffield.  White’s Sheffield & Rotherham Directory dated 1937, the year of his death, still listed James Orange as a metal smith living at 241 Burgoyne Road, Walkley, Sheffield.  The implication was that he never retired from work.




James Orange died, at the age of 62, on Thursday, 07/10/1937.  The Sheffield Daily Telegraph of about 09/10/1937 contained the following notice:


ORANGE.- On October 7th, James, beloved husband of Elizabeth Orange, 241, Burgoyne Road.  Interment 2.30 p.m., Tuesday, Walkley Cemetery.


As indicated, he was buried on 12/10/1937, at Sheffield’s Walkley Cemetery, about a mile from his home.


He had previously experience some illness over about a year [1].








[1]  Sheffield Telegraph & Star of 16/10/1937 (chess obituary)





Copyright © 2014 Stephen John Mann

Census information is copyright of The National Archive, see UK Census Information

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