Yorkshire Chess History



Tom Gedney Hart











Made in Yorkshire



Sheffield Sub-Site



1857, South Frodingham, E. Yorkshire



30/05/1921,  Withernsea(?)



Non-Chess Life


The parents of Tom Gedney Hart were farmer Thomas Gedney (born 1809/10, Burstwick) and Sarah Jane Hart (born 1821/22, Burton Pidsea).  Burstwick is about 3 miles east of Hedon, which is the first village on the road going east out of Hull.  Burton Pidsea is about 3 miles NNE of Burstwick.  This couple had at least the following three children:


George L Hart

born 1844/45

Edith J Hart

born 1852/53

Tom Gedney Hart

born 1857


These three children were all born in South Frodingham, East Yorkshire.  Frodingham is a rural area 2 miles or so north of Patrington, including Frodingham Hall and Frodingham Carrs; it is nothing to do with Frodingham near Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire.  Tom’s birth was registered in the second quarter of 1857, at Patrington.


Tom Gedney Hart is always referred to as “Tom”, never “Thomas”, so being distinguished from his father.


Tom spent nearly the first 40 years of his life on a farm, but then moved to Withernsea, taking an “office” job.


The 1861 census found the family of five living with 8 servants at Willow House, South Frodingham.   Father Thomas was a farmer of 301 acres, employing 5 men and 1 boy.


At some time from 1861 to 1871 the family moved to Dairy House, Burstwick, which is where the 1871 census found the family.  Father Thomas was now farming 197 acres, and employed 3 men and one boy.  Eldest son, George was not listed, presumably having left home.  Tom was a scholar.  There were now only four servants.


Father Thomas appears to have died at some time from 1871 to 1881, and the 1881 census found son Tom running the 197-acre farm, still employing 3 men and 1 boy.  Mother Sarah, sister Edith and four servants lived with Tom at Dairy House, Burstwick.


The marriage of Tom Gedney Hart to Edith Mary Harrison (born 1862/63, Hull) was registered in the second quarter of 1884, at Sculcoates, Hull.  The couple had at least three children, all born at Burstwick:


Dorothy Hart

born 1887/88

Tom D Hart

born 1889/90

Edith Grace Hart

born 1892/93


The 1891 census found Tom, Edith, daughter Dorothy, son Tom, widowed mother Sarah, unmarried sister Edith, and two servants living at Dairy House, Burstwick.


At some time from 1891 to 1901 Tom Gedney Hart gave up farming, moved to Withernsea, and becoming an auctioneer and other things.


The 1901 census found Tom, Edith, their three children, Tom’s mother Sarah, and Tom’s sister Edith living at 2 Alma Street, Withernsea.  43-year-old Tom was described as an auctioneer and valuer, house agent, and inspector of nuisances for Patrington Urban District Council.


The 1911 census found the family had moved round the corner to 55 Arthur Street, Withernsea.  Tom was now described merely as an auctioneer.  The census confirmed the couple had had three children.  Of these only Edith Grace Hart was still living with her parents.




Tom Gedney Hart died on 30/05/1921 at the age of 64, the death being registered at Patrington.  Administration was granted to Edith Mary Hart, widow.  He left £366 8s 4d.




The “Hart” who played against Edmund Thorold in Hull in 1880 was presumably our man.


“T. G. Hart”, specifically, played against Edmund Thorold in Hull in 1888.


T. G. Hart played in the 1888 Yorkshire v Ireland correspondence match.


T. G. Hart played in the 1900 Yorkshire v Kent correspondence Match


He seems not to have been a regular player in the Woodhouse Cup, though he played a few games for Hull around 1901 and 1902, and perhaps later.





Copyright © 2013 Stephen John Mann

Census information is copyright of The National Archive, see UK Census Information

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