Yorkshire Chess History



Samuel Taylor











Made in Yorkshire



Sheffield Sub-Site



1836/37, York



after 02/04/1911



Non-Chess Life


Samuel Taylor’s parents were Francis Taylor (born 1803/04, Kirkheaton, Yorks.) and Mary Taylor (born 1795/96, Hasland, Derbys.), who had at least the following five children:


John H. Taylor

born  1829/30, Wakefield

Edward Taylor

born 1830/31, Wakefield

Francis S. Taylor

born 1831/32, Wakefield

Mary Taylor

born 1833/34, York

Samuel Taylor

born 1836/37, York


Francis and Mary Taylor would appear to have started their family live in Wakefield.  White’s Leeds & Clothing District Directory, 1830, listed Francis Taylor, banker’s clerk, at Garden Street, Wakefield.


Around 1832/33 the family moved to York, where Samuel Taylor was born in 1836/37, in the parish of St. Lawrence.  Francis appears to have been a banker’s clerk, moving from job to job in search of becoming a bank manager rather than a mere clerk.


The 1841 census found the parents and above five children at 24 Lawrence Street, York.  Father Francis was a banker’s clerk.


F. White’s General Directory of Kingston-upon-Hull, and York, 1851, listed Francis Taylor, bank manager, at 1 Parliament Street, York.


The1851 census found the family at 1 Parliament Street York.  It now included 53-year-old Kirkheaton-born milliner, Elizabeth Taylor.  Francis was now a bank manager, John was a “farmer’s pupil”, Edward was an architect’s clerk, Francis was a currier’s apprentice.  14-year-old Samuel wasn’t recorded as having any occupation (not even scholar).  The household now included two servants.


The 1861 census found Francis and Mary still at 1 Parliament Street, with two servants, but all the children seem to have flown except for Mary junior.  In particular, Samuel was now in London. He was one of seven chemist’s assistants living with a shop porter, a housekeeper, and four domestic servants, at Slough (?) Court.  It would seem he was an assistant chemist at a large chemist’s shop, which will have manufactured various preparations on the premises, hence the seven chemist’s assistants.


At some time from 1861 to 1866 he moved back to Yorkshire.


White’s Directory of Leeds, Bradford, Huddersfield &c, 1866, listed Samuel Taylor, druggist, Great St. George’s Street, Leeds.


On 09/05/1867, at St. Matthias, Burley, 30-year-old batchelor Samuel Taylor, chemist, of Leeds, son of Francis Taylor, bank manager, was married by licence to 25-year-old spinster Margaret Ann Selby of Leeds, daughter of Thomas Selby, innkeeper, by George Bain Post----(?), curate.  The marriage register spelt the bride’s middle name “Ann”, without a final “e”, and the bride signed her name without such an “e”. Subsequent census returns, however, sometimes spelt it “Anne”, and in 1911 Samuel spelt it “Anne” in the census return.  The couple had at least the following eight children:


Mary Mais Taylor

born 1868/69, Leeds

Fanny Taylor

born 1869/70, Leeds

Samuel H. Taylor

born February 1871, Leeds

George Taylor

born 1872/73, Chapel Allerton

Lily Taylor

born 1874/75, Chapel Allerton

Hetty Taylor

born 1875/76, Chapel Allerton

Margaret Taylor

born 1879/80, Chapel Allerton

Ella Marie

born 1881/82, Chapel Allerton


The 1871 census found Samuel Taylor and Margaret Ann Taylor living at 1 Great George Street, Leeds, with 7-week-old Samuel H. Taylor, and three servants.  Samuel was now described as a chemist and druggist, presumably working on his own account.


The 1881 census found parents and seven children living with one servant at “Holly Bank”, Back Lane, Chapel Allerton, Leeds.  “Holly Bank” would appear to have been, in effect, number 1, Back Lane.  This “Back Lane” seems no longer to exist by that name.  Samuel was listed as a chemist and druggist.


The 1891 census showed a return to Great George Street, but now 70 Great George Street.  Father Samuel was still a chemist and druggist.  Fanny was an “art student painting”, revealing an arty-crafty leaning which proved to have been shared by younger sisters Lily and Hetty.  Samuel H. Taylor was no longer listed in the household.  George was listed as an engine maker’s pupil.  Hetty, Margaret and Ellen were scholars.  Mary and Lily had no stated occupation.


The 1901 census showed yet another move, this time to 3 Blenheim Square, Leeds.  Fanny and George were no longer listed, leaving just the other five girls still living with their parents.  Lily’s occupation was given as “art metal plaster(?) and woodcarver” working on her own account, at home.  Hetty was similarly described.  Samuel was listed as a chemist-shop keeper, employing staff.


At some time from 1901 to 1911, after having lived in the Leeds area for 40 years or more, Samuel moved to Lancaster.  The 1911 census accordingly found 73-year-old Samuel Taylor, wife Margaret Anne Taylor, and daughters Mary Mais Taylor and Ella Marie Taylor, living with one servant at 6 Hill Side, Lancaster.  He listed himself as a “pharmacist”, employing staff.


Bulmer's History & Directory of Lancaster & District, 1912, listed Samuel Taylor, chemist &c., 34 New Street, Lancaster, with home at 6 Hill side, Lancaster.




Identifying the date and place of death of Samuel Taylor is difficult due to the name being common.




Samuel Taylor attended the West Yorkshire Chess Association meetings of 1873 to 1877, 1880, 1882 to 1885, and 1889.  The “T. Taylor” of Leeds recorded as present at the 1878 meeting was probably also our man.


S. Taylor of Leeds played in the 1883 Yorkshire v Lancashire match.


(Richard Taylor of Leeds attended the WYCA meetings of 1878, 1879 and 1884, but it’s unclear whether the two were related.)





Copyright © 2012 Stephen John Mann

Census information is copyright of The National Archive, see UK Census Information

Last Updated